Algeria is ranked 42nd country in the world in terms of environmental protection, out of 153 countries studied. It is the first country in the MENA region, and the second largest in Africa, according to a ranking of US environmental researchers based on measures such as air quality, water quality, biodiversity, ecosystem constraints, waste treatment and environmental governance.
Despite this ranking, much remains to be done in terms of protecting and preserving the environment. According to experts in environmental legislation, “the protection and preservation of the environment require strong administration”, able to enforce environmental legislation, recommended last Monday, specialists in the legislation of the the environment.
Speaking during a study day on “the living environment and environmental law”, the Vice President of the State Council, Kamel Fenniche, said that the protection and preservation of the environment “Require a strong administration, able to apply environmental legislation, as well as an effective justice specialized in the matter”. He said that this “could only be achieved through the sensitization of citizens, the strengthening of the role of associations and coordination of efforts between international organizations”. For Mr. Fenniche, “the ever-increasing concern of the public authorities concerning the protection of the environment has led to the adoption of a national and international normative corpus, which the administrative judge regularly assumes. application and interpretation “.
He noted that Algeria ranks 42nd globally among the 195 countries covered by the environmental protection study, stating that, at the regional level, it ranks first in the Arab world and second at the African scale, according to a classification carried out by a group of American researchers.
He added that this classification was conducted on the basis of a set of criteria relating, inter alia, to air and water quality, biodiversity, waste treatment and environmental management.
Mr. Fenniche argued that following the “profound” change that has marked the environmental policy in Algeria, through, including the latest revision of the Constitution, which devotes, in one of his articles, the right of the citizen to a healthy environment and balanced.
Achieving sustainable development
For her part, the President of the State Council, Soumia Abdelsadok, spoke about the role of law in protecting the environment to achieve sustainable development. “Enforcement is essential in preserving and protecting the environment to achieve sustainable development,” she said.
It should be recalled that Algeria is currently adopting strategies for the preservation of the environment in different sectors. These strategies are based on several axes, among others: the preservation of water, soil and forests, sensitive ecosystems (littoral, steppe, Sahara), industrial pollution control, the protection of the archaeological heritage, natural areas and species and marine areas, the management of special waste, which is part of the National Environmental Strategy (NES), as well as in the National Plan of Environmental Actions and Sustainable Development (PNAE-DD) through the adoption of a national program for integrated management of household and similar waste (PROGDEM).
It must also be said that Algeria’s biodiversity is ranked among the richest in the Mediterranean basin. Its privileged biogeographic position, located between the Mediterranean and sub-Saharan Africa, enriches it with a faunistic and floristic potential composed of Mediterranean, Palearctic, Ethiopian and endemic species. This mixing of species is a wealth that must be preserved and managed in a rational and sustainable way.
It should be noted that Algeria is preparing for its transition to an energy model based on the development of renewable energies, enshrined in the Renewable Energy Act passed in 2004, which sets the share of solar energy and wind at 14%. the national energy balance to be achieved in 2020.